Before you are hired by a employer you may need to undergo a pre employment medical examination. Most companies make this is a pre requisite before offering someone employment.
Pre employment medical exams include a physical and mental exam along with tests for drugs and alcohol abuse as well. Usually an exam is carried out after an individual has already been offered a job, this is to make sure that there has been no sort of bias.
Te examination is mostly in keeping with the kind of job which is being offered to the employee. A physical is only necessary in jobs where fitness and health are of utmost important. Usually the kind of work which might include lifting heavy objects would require an individual who can handle that entire load.
What can I expect at a pre employment physical?
- You can expect to undergo health inquiries. The person carrying out the physical might take a detailed medical history
- After your history is taken you would undergo a physical check up
- Most companies require potential employees to undergo psychological tests and mental examinations as well
- Keep in mind that the pre employment medical is only necessary if and when you have already been offered a job
Requirements for a pre employment medical examination
The person undergoing the medical exam can be assured of complete privacy. The person taking the exam is required to know what key elements need to be tested so as to make sure that the employee would be able to carry out the job to the best of their abilities.
What about the drug and alcohol tests?
The major purpose of carrying out a drug and alcohol tests include all of the following
- Improve employee morale
- Guarantee there are as few absenteeism as possible
- Lower chances of a relapse from former drug abusers
- Improve the overall efficiency and productivity in the workplace
Drug tests might include urine tests along with saliva drug screen and sweat drug screening.
Testing for physical ability
Physical tests are designed to check the overall fitness of the employee, whether they have the muscular strength to carry out the tasks which would be assigned to them. Te overall stamina, flexibility and strength is always taken into account for physically challenging jobs. This is where an independent medical examination can be of great value.
However physical medical exams are often the root of many legal battles. That is because women and the elderly are often made to undergo unfair medical exams. Most people might find themselves asking whether carrying out pre employment medical tests is legal. Yes it is legal, though it is very important that the tests are carried out without any discrimination and bias.
The tests should only be used for legal purposes and in no way should be used to undermine a particular person because of certain disabilities.
There should be no discrimination for race gender or religion. Once there is no bias the tests are considered completely legal. These are often performed to safe guard a company from any legal problems if an employee might fall sick on the job. If they have the medical records they could easily e able to see whether the problem an employee is facing is really due to on the job injury and not a result of some past medical condition. Ensure there are no issues with future employment with a pre-employment medical examination by Melbourne Occupational Health Services.